The rise of environmental awareness has led to significant changes in various aspects of our lives, including how we approach death. In recent years, green burials have become an increasingly popular alternative to traditional burial methods. This environmentally friendly option is chosen by those looking to minimize their ecological footprint even after they pass away. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind the growing preference for green burials, the methods involved, and the benefits they offer to both individuals and the planet.

What is a Green Burial?

A green burial, also known as a natural burial, is a method of interment that seeks to have as little environmental impact as possible. Unlike traditional burials that often involve embalming fluids, metal caskets, and concrete vaults, green burials use biodegradable materials and avoid chemical preservation. The body is allowed to decompose naturally and return to the earth, promoting the health of the surrounding ecosystem.

Historical Context of Green Burials

Green burials are not a new concept; they are, in fact, a return to the burial practices that were common before the advent of modern funeral industry standards. For centuries, people were buried in simple shrouds or coffins made of wood, without the use of toxic chemicals or elaborate grave markers. This natural approach to burial was the norm in many cultures around the world until the 20th century when industrialization and urbanization led to more intrusive and environmentally damaging practices.

Environmental Benefits of Green Burials

One of the primary motivations for choosing a green burial is the positive environmental impact. Traditional burial practices can be harmful to the environment due to the use of embalming fluids, which often contain formaldehyde, a known carcinogen. Additionally, producing and transporting metal caskets and concrete vaults contribute to carbon emissions. In contrast, green burials minimize these impacts by eliminating the use of harmful chemicals and reducing material waste. The biodegradable materials used in green burials, such as wicker caskets or linen shrouds, decompose naturally, enriching the soil and supporting local plant life.

Economic Considerations

Another significant factor driving the popularity of green burials is their cost-effectiveness. Traditional funerals can be expensive, with the average cost in the United States ranging from $7,000 to $10,000. This includes expenses for embalming, caskets, vaults, and other services. Green burials, on the other hand, tend to be much more affordable. Families can save thousands of dollars by avoiding embalming and opting for simpler, biodegradable materials. Additionally, many green burial sites do not require the purchase of large, elaborate grave markers, further reducing costs.

Spiritual and Philosophical Motivations

For many people, the choice of a green burial is also influenced by spiritual or philosophical beliefs. The idea of returning to the earth and contributing to the natural cycle of life and death resonates with various religious and spiritual traditions. Some view green burials as a final act of environmental stewardship, honoring the interconnectedness of all living things. This holistic approach to death and burial can provide comfort and a sense of purpose to both the deceased and their loved ones.

Green Burial Practices and Methods

Green burials can take many forms, depending on personal preferences and local regulations. Here are some common practices and methods associated with green burials:

1. Biodegradable Caskets and Shrouds

Green burials typically involve the use of biodegradable caskets made from materials such as wicker, bamboo, or untreated wood. Alternatively, the body may be wrapped in a simple shroud made from natural fibers like cotton or linen.

2. Natural Burial Grounds

Green burials often take place in natural burial grounds or conservation cemeteries. These areas are designed to preserve the natural landscape and provide a habitat for wildlife. Grave markers, if used, are usually simple and made from natural materials like stones or wood.

3. Home Burials

In some regions, home burials are permitted, allowing individuals to be buried on their own property. This option requires careful consideration of local laws and regulations, but it can offer a deeply personal and meaningful alternative to traditional burial methods.

4. Forest Burials

Forest burials, or woodland burials, involve interment in a forested area. This practice supports reforestation efforts and contributes to the preservation of natural habitats. Trees or native plants are often planted on or near the gravesite as a living memorial.

5. Aquamation

Also known as alkaline hydrolysis, aquamation is an eco-friendly alternative to cremation. The body is broken down using a solution of water and potassium hydroxide, resulting in a liquid that can be safely returned to the environment. This process uses significantly less energy than traditional cremation and does not produce harmful emissions.

While green burials are gaining popularity, it is important to be aware of the legal considerations and regulations that may apply. Laws regarding burials vary widely by location, so it is necessary to research local requirements. Some areas have specific regulations regarding the use of biodegradable materials, the depth of graves, and the management of natural burial grounds. Working with a funeral director who is experienced in green burials can help ensure that all legal requirements are met.

The Role of Funeral Homes

Funeral homes play a crucial role in the green burial process. Many funeral directors are now offering green burial options and can provide valuable guidance on planning an eco-friendly funeral. When selecting a funeral home, it is important to ask about their experience with green burials and the specific services they offer. A knowledgeable funeral director can help families navigate the various options and ensure that their wishes are honored.

The Future of Green Burials

As awareness of environmental issues continues to grow, the demand for green burials will likely increase. Advances in technology and changes in societal attitudes toward death and burial are also contributing to this trend. Innovations such as biodegradable urns that can grow into trees and eco-friendly embalming alternatives are making it easier for individuals to choose sustainable burial options. Additionally, as more people become educated about the benefits of green burials, it is expected that funeral industry practices will continue to evolve to meet this demand.

How to Plan a Green Burial

Planning a green burial involves several steps, but with careful preparation, it can be a meaningful and fulfilling process. Here are some key considerations:

1. Research and Choose a Burial Site

The first step in planning a green burial is to research and select a suitable burial site. This may involve visiting natural burial grounds or conservation cemeteries to find a location that aligns with your values and preferences.

2. Select Biodegradable Materials

Choose a biodegradable casket or shroud that meets your needs. Many green burial providers offer a variety of options, so it is important to select materials that are both environmentally friendly and meaningful to you.

3. Work with a Funeral Director

Collaborate with a funeral director who has experience with green burials. They can provide valuable guidance and help navigate any legal or logistical challenges that may arise.

4. Communicate Your Wishes

Clearly communicate your burial wishes to your loved ones and include them in your will or other legal documents. This ensures that your preferences are honored and can provide peace of mind to your family.

5. Consider a Memorial Service

Plan a memorial service that reflects your values and celebrates your life. This can be a traditional ceremony or a more informal gathering, depending on your preferences.


Green burials offer a sustainable and meaningful alternative to traditional burial practices. By choosing a green burial, individuals can minimize their environmental impact, reduce costs, and honor their spiritual and philosophical beliefs. As awareness of environmental issues continues to grow, green burials will likely become an increasingly popular choice. Whether you are planning for yourself or a loved one, green burials provide a way to return to the earth and contribute to the health of the planet. With careful planning and consideration, a green burial can be a beautiful and fitting tribute to a life well-lived.

For more information about green burials and the regulations in your area, check out the Green Burial Council’s website.

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About the Author Heather Honold

I am a Certified Conscious Living & Dying Coach, End-of-Life Doula, Eldercare Doula, Advanced Care Consultant, Grief & Spiritual Coach, and Energy Healing Practitioner.

I offer a range of services to support any person working through the human experience. This may look like death education, advance care planning, conscious living coaching, spiritual coaching, end-of-life support, vigil sitting, legacy projects, energy healing, and more.

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